Please note:
Cost Action CA18203 - Optimizing Design for Inspection (ODIN), ended on 01.04.2024

Cost Action CA18203 -
Optimizing Design for Inspection (ODIN)

This Action will maximize the full benefit of in service, continuous monitoring of critical aerospace structures by integrating ultrasonic wave based non-destructive evaluation (NDE), energy harvesting and wireless sensor technologies at the design conception phase.

Optimization (of sensors and structures), computational modelling, advanced signal processing and advanced design approaches will be integrated to produce a novel framework, design tools and guidelines for the delivery of the first generation of self-sensing aircraft capable of delivering accurate structural prognosis.


Ultrasound based NDE techniques, energy harvesting and wireless sensor networks are being increasingly demonstrated to
be effective in monitoring damage in aerospace components at a laboratory setting.

These components include critical elements such as airframe, engines, landing gear and control surfaces. However, there is an urgent need to integrate these approaches and techniques at the inception of an aircraft. This COST Action will bring together the top European experts across these areas to support the development of an integrated framework for optimized self-sensing structures capable of diagnosis and prognosis, together with demonstrators and educational activities, including training programs, which will ultimately lead to cleaner and safer skies.

Please see the interim report about this COST Action here.

Working Groups

Design, Optimisation and Integration​

This group will encompass industrial aerospace design engineers and experts, mathematicians, computer scientists and optimizers with the objective to analyse the requirements for integrating SHM systems at the inception of an aerospace design. A significant challenge for this group is to ensure that specific aerospace requirements are communicated effectively and efficiently to the SHM system designers.

Damage Detection

This group will focus on the analysis of existing strategies including sensor technologies. They will quantify the capability of systems to identify damage in new structures, power level requirements and compare state of the art signal processing approaches to damage location and characterisation. Finally, the group will deliver a strategy for sharing data and signal processing algorithms.


Power management and energy harvesting

Power requirements are a crucial element of this Network. Currently there is a power gap between low power systems and the available energy through current harvesting approaches. Furthermore, there are large disparities between published data and that which is achievable based on methods of testing and analysis. 

Wireless Communications

Wireless communication is of great importance to unlocking the potential of SHM systems in aerospace, bridge structures and wind turbines. However, the greatest challenge lies in aerospace where there is a restriction in allowable wireless protocols and the complex geometry that signals have to propagate through and around. 

Data management and signal processing

This working group will focus on human interface, data interpretation, data presentation, data mining, data efficiency/reduction and hardware integration. There are three tasks associated with this working group. The group will be heavily linked to WG1 and WG2. In addition, there will be strong activities focused on low power processing to reduce power consumption of systems.


CSO Approval date - 04/06/2019

Start of Action - 02/10/2019

End of Action - 01/04/2024 (former end date - 01/10/2023)

Runar Unnthorsson

Action Vice Chair

Petar Dimitrov

Science Communications Coordinator

COST (European Cooperation in Science and Technology) is a funding agency for research and innovation networks. Our Actions help connect research initiatives across Europe and enable scientists to grow their ideas by sharing them with their peers. This boosts their research, career and innovation.